It is estimated that as many as 11 million people in the United States have some form of AMD. This number has been projected to double by the year 2050.
At this time the cause of AMD remains unknown. However there are risk factors that may help indicate whether or not a person is more at risk for developing AMD. These risk factors may include one or more of the following: • High blood pressure • High cholesterol • Obesity • Smoking • Family history of AMD • Age – particularly those older than 60 • Gender – women seem to be at slightly higher risk • Race – Non-Hispanic Caucasians are more likely to develop AMD • Prolonged sun exposure – Visible and UV light may damage the retina • High fat diet or one that is low in nutrients and antioxidants.