A review published in International Journal of Ophthalmology suggests that micronutrients including vitamin C, E, zinc, β-carotene and dietary supplements like lutein and zeaxanthin and omega-3 fatty acids or fish oil can help prevent age related macular degeneration (AMD) in some men and women.
Tariq Aslama from University of Manchester in Manchester, UK and colleagues report in their review that evidence from the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) is strong to indicate that vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc, and β-carotene are effective in slowing the rate of deterioration of stage 3 o 4 AMD to a late stage of the illness during a 5-year follow-up.
However, these micronutrients were found effective in preventing the progression of the early AMD to neovascular AMD (advanced form of AMD), but not to atrophic AMD, the authors note.
Smokers need to know that “high β-carotene intakes are contraindicated for smokers due to a potential increased risk for lung cancer,” as the authors note.
In addition, using aspirin for at least 10 years was associated with a small but statistical increase in the development of late AMD, according to results from a new study published in the December 19 issue of JAMA.
For more info, consult with your ophthalmologist.